German Luftschutz "Gladiator" Helmets
In 1938 Nazi Germany began production of the Luftschutz (Civil Air Defense) helmet, which is commonly referred to as the "gladiator" helmet for its shape. The introduction of the Luftschutz winged insignia corresponded with the helmet's first issue. The first of these helmets contained a lightweight three piece construction. The front visor and rear skirt were welded together on the sides, and the crown was added with an interior weld. This created a bead along the crown weld.
In 1939 Germany developed one and two piece constructions. By late 1940, however, the production ceased as the war began and the material priorities changed. The Luftschutz helmet was reintroduced into production in 1944 with a one piece design without the bead. Luftschutz personnel typically purchased their own helmet. Furthermore, not all Luftschutz members wore the "gladiator" style. Captured foreign helmets as well as beaded M-35, M-40, and M-42 helmets were preferred.1
|Civil Helmet||1938 — 1944|